Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability that impacts an individual’s ability to read, write, spell, comprehend, and express themselves in all aspects of life.
Dyslexia is relatively common; in fact, it is more common than any other type of learning disability. Unless explicit and targeted intervention is provided, these difficulties will continue through adulthood and can result in poor self-esteem, social isolation, and when older, under- and unemployment. Appropriate dyslexia diagnosis and intervention is critical. We’re here to help!
Individuals with dyslexia may exhibit difficulty with
- Following oral and written directions
- Reading, writing and spelling
- Memorizing math facts
- Sequencing letters and symbols: b and d, left and felt, was and saw, 16 and 61
- Comprehending spoken language and expressing thoughts and ideas
- Space, time, and direction concepts
- Becoming easily distracted or decreased attention to tasks related to reading, writing and mathematics
- High levels of frustration in school
- Retaining information
- Test-taking anxiety
- Developmentally immature
- Poor handwriting
- Poor esteem
Early signs of dyslexia in preschool-aged children
- Delayed speech and language skills
- Difficulty rhyming and/or manipulating sounds to make new words
- Trouble reciting the alphabet, counting in order, and/or stating the days of the week
- Unable to follow multi-step directions or routines
- Tying shoes may be difficult as well as other fine motor skills
- Difficulty pronouncing multisyllabic words such as hamburger or spaghetti
- Trouble writing his/her name
- Unable to tell a story or event in the correct order
Signs of dyslexia in school-aged children
- Slow to learn the connection between letters and sounds
- Making consistent reading and spelling errors including:
- Letter reversals – d for b
- Word reversals – tip for pit
- Transpositions – felt and left
- Substitutions – house and home
- Confusing small words- at/to, said/and, does/goes
- Difficulty understanding the meaning of the text because they are spending so much time on decoding each individual word
- Relying heavily on memorizing without understanding
- Disengaging with reading activities
- Difficulty with mathematics including:
- Number reversals – 6 for 9
- Transposing number sequences and confuses arithmetic signs (+ – x / =)
- Trouble remembering math facts
- Difficulty learning to tell time
- Poor fine motor coordination such as difficulty tying shoes and/or holding a pencil
- Slower to recall the right word
Signs of dyslexia in adolescents and adults
- Low grades
- Difficulty with spelling
- Avoids reading aloud, going up to the board, and/or actively volunteering in class
- No reading for pleasure
- Prefers to listen to content instead of reading
- Struggles to find spelling and grammar errors when editing written work
- Slow and labor-intensive reading and writing
- Trouble learning a foreign language
I’m concerned that my child or I might have dyslexia. What do I do?
Seek a comprehensive language and reading evaluation from a qualified Ridge Zeller Therapy professional.
The evaluation will include:
- Detailed case history highlighting reading and language strengths and weaknesses
- Speech production, spoken language comprehension, and verbal expression testing
- Phonological and phonemic awareness
- Working memory & processing
- Reading, writing, spelling, and handwriting samples
- Suggestions for facilitating reading improvement at home and recommendations for teachers
What is involved with dyslexia remediation?
With the appropriate evidence-based interventions put into place, reading skills can be greatly improved. The evaluator will develop a treatment plan that is individualized to your child’s unique speech, language, and literacy needs. This plan will build on your child’s strengths to improve areas of need.
We understand that everyone is different, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treatment. At Ridge Zeller Therapy, we rely on the use of research-based methodologies that are proven to get results.
We look forward to helping you!